Innovation Networks

Clusters

Clustering represents one of the key priorities of industry and business development in Lithuania. Small companies often lack the necessary human and material resources, technical knowledge and experience for development of innovation, thus cooperation becomes particularly important for them. The formation of clusters in different industry sectors is at the primary stage in Lithuania.

The 2007–2013 EU structural support funding was oriented towards cluster establishment.
About EUR 44.8 million was foreseen for measures promoting clustering in Lithuania.
During the 2014-2020 EU funding period, the focus is placed on strengthening the existing clusters growth, maturity and internationalization.
In order to ensure both the formation of clusters and their operation (cooperation of enterprises, functioning of clusters as a business attraction center), comprehensive support is required, i.e. communication with companies, participation in events of international R&D initiatives, information sharing and participation in group export initiatives and special training.
The Science, Innovation and Technology Agency (MITA) is responsible for cluster facilitation in Lithuania. It gives assistance in cluster establishment, strategy development, innovation and legal issues, helps to find partners both in Lithuania and abroad.
The Agency for Science, Innovation and Technology (MITA) is implementing the project “Promotion and development of innovation networking” (Inolink), funded from the EU funds administered by the Ministry of the Economy and Innovation. The aim of the project is to encourage enterprises to form clusters, to strengthen the maturity of clusters and to promote their growth and international cooperation. Within the framework of the project, sessions on strengthening cluster maturity are arranged, expert consultations are offered, information events and matchmaking events are held and consultations are provided concerning the attraction of international members to clusters and the participation of Lithuanian SMEs in foreign clusters.

Most potencial clusters in Lithuania

The concept of the development of the Lithuanian clusters 2014

The concept of the development of the Lithuanian clusters 2017 (in Lithuanian)

In the approved concept of cluster development in Lithuania of 12 October, both the definition of the cluster itself has been updated according to realias of these days, as well as other cluster-related concepts. The concept presents new clusterization study data and conclusions, and the latest tendencies of the European and global cluster development are summarized.

The new concept of cluster development emphasizes the need for international and cross-sectoral cluster development. It is emphasized that it is necessary to create a favorable environment for the development of innovative clusters, international relations and the development of international world-class innovation clusters.

The new concept has updated cluster development goals and objectives. It is provided that the aim of the cluster development is to increase the competitiveness of the Lithuanian economy by promoting clusterization and making it more efficient. In order to achieve the intended goal, it is necessary to develop the innovative potential of clusters; to promote the export of cluster members’ products and to join to international value chains; to increase the efficiency of the activity of the cluster members; to form a favorable environment (ecosystem) for the establishment, operation and development of clusters; to promote cross-sectoral, interregional, and international cooperation and to disseminate the benefits and potentials of clustering.

The renewed concept retains the requirement for a minimum of 5 members in the cluster, but along with this there is a novelty: 4 levels of cluster development are foreseen and the indicators are described, according to which the cluster is assigned to one of these levels. The clusters will be divided into the emerging, formed, developing, and mature. These levels will be one of the bases for the assessing of Lithuanian clusters, including the EU funding, alloted to them.

The new concept of cluster development provides that clusters can be created and developed at the expense of cluster members, the state and municipal budget funds, the EU‘s and other financial support funds. The priority will be given to cluster initiatives, aimed at developing of cluster members’ overall MTEPI activities, introducing innovations, delivering cluster potential abroad and enhancing employees‘ competencies.

In accordance with the procedure, agreed with the Ministry of Economy, the monitoring of clusterization will be implemented by the MITA.

SMEs Networks

Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of Europe’s economy: there are 23 million SMEs in Europe representing around 99% of all undertakings, and 57% of them are sole proprietorships. They provide two thirds of total private-sector employment represent 80% of the total job creation and produce more than half of the EU added value. Therefore SMEs are important for future economic growth. It has been shown that SMEs cooperating with other companies are more competitive and that companies that are cooperating within networks show better performance than companies outside such networks. Still, quite a small proportion of SMEs are working systematically with network activities.

Last updated: 04-04-2019